As the tax season approaches, the foremost question in everyone’s mind is how to save money on taxes. With potential refunds and credits at stake, it’s imperative to understand the different tax deductions and credits available to you, and use them to your advantage. Here are some of the most common tax deductions and credits that can help you maximize your returns.
1. Standard Deduction – The standard deduction is a fixed amount that reduces your taxable income. For the 2021 tax year, it is $12,550 for individuals, $25,100 for married couples filing jointly, and $18,800 for heads of household. You can choose to take the standard deduction, or itemize your deductions, whichever provides most benefit.
2. Itemized Deductions – Itemized deductions are expenses that you can deduct from your taxable income, such as medical expenses, charitable donations, property taxes, and mortgage interest. Keep records and receipts of such expenses throughout the year, and ensure they exceed the standard deduction before you consider itemizing.
3. Retirement Contributions – Contributions to retirement accounts such as 401(k)s or traditional IRAs are tax-deductible. The maximum contribution limit for 2021 is $19,500 for 401(k)s and $6,000 for traditional IRAs. Make sure to contribute to these accounts to save on taxes and secure your financial future.
4. Education Tax Credits – If you’re paying for higher education expenses for yourself, your spouse, or your dependents, you may be eligible for the American Opportunity or Lifetime Learning tax credits. These credits can reduce your tax liability by up to $2,500 or $2,000, respectively, for qualifying expenses such as tuition and textbooks.
5. Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit – If you’re paying for childcare or dependent care services, you may be eligible for the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit. The credit can be up to 35% of qualifying expenses, depending on your income level and number of dependents.
6. Earned Income Tax Credit – The Earned Income Tax Credit is a refundable tax credit for low to moderate-income earners. The credit can provide up to $6,728 for those with three or more qualifying children.
7. Health Savings Account (HSA) Contributions – If you have an HSA, contributions made to the account are tax-deductible. The maximum contribution for 2021 is $3,600 for individual and $7,200 for family coverage.
Understanding the different tax deductions and credits available can help reduce your tax liability and maximize your return. Keep accurate records, consult with a tax professional or use a reputable tax preparation software to ensure you’re getting the most out of your tax return. By taking advantage of these common tax deductions and credits, you can keep more money in your pocket and secure a stronger financial future.